The department of Evolutionary Ecology gathers complementary skills in behavioural ecology, population dynamics, population biology, community ecology, and methodology (statistics and modelling). The research done in the department aims at studying how animal species evolve in a changing world by understanding the causes of the evolution of traits, adaptations and interactions. For that, we consider different levels of organization from individuals to populations and communities. Because organisms cannot be considered isolated from other biotic factors, we consider pathogens but also competing species within communities.
We study how individuals adapt to their environments that are largely impacted by anthropic pressures, and how life history traits and behaviour evolve in response to these pressures. Although we mainly focus on phenotype, we more and more consider the mechanistic link between the genotype and the phenotype. We develop the theoretical framework of our discipline through a conceptual and modeling approach. In parallel, we test hypotheses that arise from theoretical predictions through experimental, comparative and observational approaches on different biological models (insects, birds, mammals). Experimental approaches are developed in the laboratory (insect model) and in natura (bird, insect and mammal models). Observational and comparative research is mainly concerned with vertebrates. Our approaches are also, and increasingly, interested in the mechanisms of adaptive responses. In addition to the classical approaches of demographic analysis and trait change, methods of ecophysiology, chemical ecology and molecular biology are used.
Our department hosts several long-term studies of wild populations of different species. These long-term studies offer a valuable way to understand how biotic and abiotic factors affect individuals’ life history traits, and the functioning of populations in natura. Five populations of mammalian species are thus monitored for several years (more than 40 years on roe deer, 30 on Alpine marmots, 25 years on cats, 16 years on zebras, and 20 years on impala). Two of our study sites (La Sassière in Vanoise National Park (Alpine marmots) and Hwange National Park) have been certified as “Site d’Etude en Ecologie Globale” (SEEG), and two (ZA “Hwange” and ZA “Antarctic and sub-Antarctic”) were certified as “Zone Atelier” by the CNRS.
The department of Evolutionary ecology is also largely involved in training activities. Lastly, we also have strong socio-economic relationships. Indeed, because we address questions of major societal interest (global warming, public health) we tightly collaborate with socio-economic partners (Office Français de la Biodiversité, Vanoise National Park, Hwange National Park in Zimbabwe, Office National des Forêts, etc.) and participate to general public and media events.
Display of 1 to 30 publications on 1799 in total
Differences in phenotypic variance between old and young congeneric species on a small island
Journal of Biogeography .
Movement-based coexistence does not always require a functional trade-off
Ecological Modelling . 487 : 110549
Reproductive skews of territorial species in heterogeneous landscapes
Oikos . 2023 ( 2 ) : e09627
Using pedigree relations to inform capture‐recapture data for the estimation of census population size
Journal of Wildlife Management . 87 ( 8 )
Population density and genetic diversity are positively correlated in wild felids globally
Global Ecology and Biogeography .
OneWater FAIR Data Platform : setting up a national FAIR water data platform and community
TERENO OZCAR 2023 - 2ème conférence internationale TERENO OZCAR . : 1-23
Population transcriptogenomics highlights impaired metabolism and small population sizes in tree frogs living in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone
BMC Biology . 21 ( 1 ) : 164
Evolution of the proportion of colistin-resistant isolates in animal clinical Escherichia coli over time - A hierarchical mixture model approach
Preventive Veterinary Medicine . 213 : 105881
Instability of fecal glucocorticoid metabolites at 4°C: Time to freeze matters
Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological and Integrative Physiology .
Beyond accuracy : score calibration in deep learning models for camera trap image sequences
Does timing of birth affect juvenile and mare survival in wild plains zebra?
Microsatellites and mitochondrial evidence of multiple introductions of the invasive raccoon Procyon lotor in France
Biological Invasions . 25 : 1955–1972
Editorial trend: adverse outcome pathway (AOP) and computational strategy — towards new perspectives in ecotoxicology
Environmental Science and Pollution Research .
Brucellosis in Alpine ibex: 10 years of research and expert assessments
Médecine/Sciences . 39 ( 10 ) : 722-731
Staphylococcus aureus Host Spectrum Correlates with Methicillin Resistance in a Multi-Species Ecosystem
Microorganisms . 11
3D models related to the publication: Molar wear in house mice: insight into diet preferences at an ecological time scale?
MorphoMuseum . 9 : e200
Too hot or too disturbed? Temperatures more than hikers affect circadian activity of females in northern chamois
Oak masting drivers vary between populations depending on their climatic environments
Current Biology - CB . 33 ( 6 ) : 1117-1124.e4
The frequency and position of stable associations offset their transitivity in a diversity of vertebrate social networks
Ethology . 129 ( 1 ) : 1-11
Meeting the challenges of wild boar hunting in a modern society: The case of France
AMBIO: A Journal of Environment and Society . 52 ( 8 ) : 1359-1372
DRomics, a workflow to exploit dose-response omics data in ecotoxicology
Peer Community Journal . 3 : e90
Influence of the exposure concentration of dissolved cadmium on its organotropism, toxicokinetic and fate in Gammarus fossarum
Environment International . 171 : 107673
Cancer hygiene hypothesis: A test from wild captive mammals
Ecology and Evolution . 13 ( 9 ) : e10547
Universal DNA methylation age across mammalian tissues
Nature Aging . 3 : 1144 - 1166
Microbiota-mediated competition between Drosophila species
Microbiome . 11 : 201
Larval density in the invasive Drosophila suzukii : Immediate and delayed effects on life‐history traits
Ecology and Evolution . 13 ( 8 )
Temporal dynamics of antibody level against Lyme disease bacteria in roe deer: Tale of a sentinel?
Ecology and Evolution . 13 ( 8 ) : e10414
DNA methylation networks underlying mammalian traits
Science . 381 ( 6658 )
Detecting climate signals cascading through levels of biological organization
Nature Climate Change .